For some 100 years, from a 20% minority in Karabakh, the Armenians have turned into an absolute majority in its mountainous part, making up 94% of the population. That is exactly what allowed them to obtain autonomy there, which in the 1990s also acquired the lowland part of Karabakh, becoming the “Republic of Artsakh”. How such a miraculous transformation took place in such a relatively short time? 20% in 94% of the official documents of the 19th – early 20th centuries explain.
The result of the Karabakh war in 2020 was not only the de-occupation of the sovereign territories of Azerbaijan, recognized as such by four UN Security Council resolutions, but also the return of the Turkic civilization to one of the most iconic places in its history.
All the above facts have relied on official documents of the Russian Empire kept in the Russian State Library in Moscow, as well as scientific works of the Institute of History of the Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR held in Yerevan. Scans and more detailed information are available in the Law of precedence in Karabakh: Russian and Armenian documents dispel European myths.
Karabakh’s ethnic history is extremely politicised. Both sides of the conflict are asserting their rights to this mountainous piece of land, including the antiquity of their own presence there. Moreover, one of the parties is supported by European intellectuals. Thus, in October 2020, at the height of hostilities in Karabakh, the French historian and writer Olivier Delorme called from the pages of Le Figaro “to stop using the word separatism against Nagorno-Karabakh and Artsakh by Armenians who have been populated by more than 90% Armenians since ancient times”.
In 1722-1723, Russia began its first expansion in the East. At the same time, the Russians focused on Eastern Christians. Thus the idea was developed to create Armenian kingdom. It would offer a staging ground for the Russian advance to Asia.
In October 2020, at the height of the hostilities in Karabakh, French historian and writer Olivier Delorme called from the pages of Le Figaro “stop using the word separatism in relation to Nagorno-Karabakh, Artsakh settled by more than 90% Armenians since antique times”. French intellectual did not make references to any sources or even more to documentary evidence of his words about «90% Armenians from antique times». Qarabag.com tried to verify the claim on the basis of Russian archival materials and Armenian academic research. In order to figure it out, let’s start at the beginning.