The idea of annexing Nagorno-Karabakh to Russia was put forward by the representatives of Armenian nationalists in September 1991. It was the first time when leadership of the Russian Federation tried its hand as a mediator in the Karabakh conflict. In November 2020, with the introduction of Russian peacekeepers, the idea of ”Russian Karabakh” came back to life in a somewhat veiled and transformed shape. Now it is expressed not so much by the Armenians as by the Russian politicians, experts and through news publications.
Qarabag.com compiled a complete list of historical names of all settlements of Karabakh with their administrative affiliation from 1823 to 2020. The list was compiled using 6 official documents of the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union.
President Macron announced France’s desire to “take decisive measures to protect the religious and cultural heritage of Nagorno-Karabakh” after the liberation of these territories by Azerbaijan. But the fact that for almost 30 years dozens of mosques, Muslim mausoleums and cemeteries were being desecrated and barbarously destroyed there, and the leaders of France and other European states preferred to look another way.
On November 8th the President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev announced the liberation of the city of Shusha, founded in 1756-1757 by the Turkic ruler of the Karabakh Khanate, Panakh Khan. Below we publish a selection of statements by President Aliyev since the beginning of the Second Karabakh War, September 27, 2020, about this historical center of the Azerbaijani people in Karabakh and about its past.
The President of Armenia, addressing the audience of different countries, falsifies history for the second time since the beginning of this month. This is Yerevan’s policy, the goal of which is to convince the international community that the Armenians constituted the majority of the population of Karabakh since ancient times. But the scientific works of Armenian historians and other established researchers of the Caucasus, as well as official documents of the Russian Empire and the USSR, present a completely different picture.
On November the 3th the President Armenia Sargsyan showed everyone how his country creates myths about the conflict in Karabakh, counting on the short memory of the international community. Documents show that out of 14 facts, voiced by Sargsyan about the history of Karabakh, 9 contain obvious lies.
The presented tables show the dynamics of the ratio of the two main ethnic and religious groups in Karabakh-Gregorian Armenians and Muslims, the absolute majority of which were Turks, while the rest were Kurds. These data clearly refute the claims that Armenians “always” formed the majority of the population in Karabakh.
Western Zangezur, just a few generations ago densely populated by the Turks and Kurds, was transferred to Armenia “on the basis of a national majority.” On the same basis, an Armenian autonomy was created in Nagorno-Karabakh, which later served as the basis for the formation of the unrecognized “Republic of Artsakh”. Below are 10 facts, supported by documents, about the methods by which the Armenian majority was formed in these areas of the former Karabakh Khanate.