Aliya Fatulla gizi Rustambayova, a doctor and member of the partisan movement during World War II, was born in 1907 in Shusha in an oil engineer’s family. Her father was one of the founders of the Azerbaijani oil industry, the former chief of the firm of the Azerbaijani millionaire Musa Nagjiyev. He held the position of chief technical director after the occupation of Azerbaijan by Soviet Russia (1920) and was the deputy chief as well as a member of the board of directors of Azneft (The State Union of Azerbaijan Oil Industry in Baku). Her mother was Azerbaijani doctor, a daughter of Karim bey Mehmandarov who was a native of Shusha. He was one of the first leaders of “Difai” in Karabakh (“protection” from the Azerbaijani), a secret anti-terrorist organization which was created in 1906 in order to fight against the Armenian “Dashnaktsutyun” party.